Holland, James P.(born: 1934 - died: 1998)
James Phillips Holland was the first African American from Kentucky to be named to West Point Military Academy. He was 19 years old when the nomination was made by Republican Senator John Sherman Cooper, with recommendation by Kentucky State College President R. B. Atwood. Born in Bowling Green, KY, Holland was valedictorian of his graduating class at State Street High School. He received his bachelor's degree from Kentucky State College [now Kentucky State University] in 1956 and his master's degree (1958) and PH. D. (1961) in endocrinology from Indiana University. He was a professor of Zoology at Indiana University, where his research explored how reproductive physiology is influenced by thyroid gland activity. The James P. Holland Memorial Lecture Series was established in 2000 at Indiana University; the school also offers the James P. Holland Fellowship in Biology. For more see "Senator names first Kentucky Negro to West Point," Jet, 03/25/1924, p.6 [article available full text at Google Book Search]; and Scientists in the Black Perspective, by H. A. Young and B. H. Young.