From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Hickman, Willianna Lewis and Daniel

Scott County, KY natives who were formerly enslaved, Daniel (1841-1917) and Willianna Hickman left Kentucky with their six children, part of the 140 Exodusters heading to Nicodemus, KS. In her narrative about the trip, Willianna tells of a measles outbreak and how the families followed the trails made by deer and buffalo because there were no roads.

When they arrived at Nicodemus, she was shocked to see that families were living in dugouts. The Hickman family continued on to their homestead, 14 miles beyond Nicodemus, in Hill City. Minister Daniel Hickman organized the First Baptist Church, the Second Baptist Church, and the WaKeeney Baptist Association. He was elected the first county coroner. The Hickman family moved to Topeka in 1903.

For more see the Willianna Hickman entry in We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century, ed. by D. Sterling, pp. 375-376; and the Daniel Hickman entry in vol. 4 of African American National Biography, edited by H. L. Gates, Jr. and E. B. Higginbotham.

Item Relations

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Entry: Nicodemus, Kansas
NKAA Source: We are your sisters : Black women in the 19th century
NKAA Source: The African American national biography

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Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Hickman, Willianna Lewis and Daniel,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed June 23, 2024,

Last modified: 2023-03-13 16:05:20