From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (African American Women Veterans in and from Kentucky)

Dixon, Amelia A. Brown

(born: January 31, 1899  -  died: December 12, 1950) 

Military Branch

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps

Active Duty Entered

February 11, 1943

Active Duty Exit

August 23, 1943

Exit Rank

3562 Service Unit WAAC Section 2

Notes

Amelia A. Brown was born in Walton, KY, the daughter of Steve and Amanda Poston Brown. This information comes from her Kentucky death certificate. Amelia and her siblings lived with their mother when they were enumerated in the 1900 U.S. Census. They lived with their father when they were enumerated in the 1910 U.S. Census. Amelia and three of her brothers were living with their grandfather, John Poston, when they were enumerated in the 1920 U.S. Census. Amelia was married to Ira Dixon when the couple was enumerated in the 1930 and 1940 U.S. Census. 

Amelia A. Dixon was employed at odd jobs in 1930, and she was employed by the Progress Works Administration (PWA) in 1940. In 1943, she enlisted in the Army in Cincinnati, OH, according to her record in the National Archives, Access to Archival Databases. She was stationed at Camp Breckinridge, KY, and was in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps for six months before receiving an Honorable Discharge.

After her military service, Amelia A. Dixon returned to Walton, KY. In 1948, she wrote letters to the editor of the African American newspaper, The Pittsburgh Courier. She was voicing her thoughts on the support of civil rights and race concerns among African Americans. Her letter covered the following topics: African Americans helping themselves and not relying on the President of the U.S.; the support of African American lawyers; calling for prayer; support of the NAACP and prayer. The letters were published in the editorial section of the newspaper titled "What the People Think." In March of 1950, she wrote a letter to the editor to express her thoughts on whites and African Americans working together. This letter was also published in the editorial section "What the People Think."


In December of 1950, there was a tragedy; Amelia A. Dixon was in her home when she was shot and had other injuries. She died at the hospital in Covington, KY. The Kenton County Coroner and the county attorney disagreed about the cause of death. After conferring with the sheriff following a search of the Dixon home, the coroner's verdict of suicide was withdrawn. Amelia's husband was arrested for murder. In January of 1951, the Kenton County Coroner declared that Amelia A. Brown Dixon's death was an accident. The cause of death was listed as an accident on her Kentucky death certificate. She is buried in the Richwood Presbyterian Cemetery in Walton, KY. Her husband Ira Dixon, requested a military headstone. The headstone has the inscription "3562nd Service Unit WAAC."

In February of 1951, there was a letter in the editorial section of the Pittsburgh Courier that was in response to an earlier letter written by Mrs. Amelia A. Dixon of Walton, KY. Amelia's letter had been in reference to the NAACP possibly using Marcus Garvey funds. The reply to her letter came from E. S. Robinson, Sr., Minister of Labor and Industry, UNIA (United Negro Improvement Association) in Cleveland, OH. Robinson's later was meant to point out the lack of support that Marcus Garvey had received during his lifetime and to note that the Honorable James R. Stewart, was the successor to Marcus Garvey, and was busy at the headquarters in Liberia, Africa, where much progress was being made using the organization's funds.

Sources: U.S. Headstone Applications for Military Veterans in Ancestry; see Amelia Dixon at Find A Grave; Kentucky Death Certificate file #116 50 27024, registrar's #1199; Amelia A. Dixon, "What the People Think: Let's give a hand to our lawyers," The Pittsburgh Courier, 06/05/1948, p.7; Amelia A. Dixon, "What the People Think: Let's try harder to help ourselves," The Pittsburgh Courier, 06/19/1948, p.15; Amelia A. Dixon, "What the People Think: Says prayer will save our nation," The Pittsburgh Courier, 11/06/1948, p.16; Amelia A. Dixon, "What the People Think: Now let's rally to the NAACP," The Pittsburgh Courier, 12/25/1948, p.13;  Amelia A. Dixon, "What the People Think: White horses, black horses work together; let us," The Pittsburgh Courier, 03/04/1950, p.18; "Woman found shot; Death is investigated," The Cincinnati Enquirer, 12/13/1950, front page; "Murder is charged in death of woman; Husband is named," The Cincinnati Enquirer, 12/14/1950, front page; "Verdict withdrawn by Kenton County coroner in supposed suicide," The Cincinnati Enquirer, 12/15/1950, front page; "Death was accident, coroner says again in shooting in Boone," The Cincinnati Enquirer, 01/03/1951, font page.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Boone County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Union County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Kenton County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Walton, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Covington, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Pittsburgh courier (newspaper)
NKAA Source: National Archives, Access to Archival Databases (online)
NKAA Source: The Cincinnati enquirer (newspaper)

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Dixon, Amelia A. Brown,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed January 18, 2022, https://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/300004537.

Last modified: 2022-01-04 19:26:19