Kentucky WACs of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion(start date: 1942 - end date: 1945) On the Army Women's Foundation website is an alphabetical list of states with the names of African American WACs [Women's Army Corps] who were members of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion. The battalion was the only African American women deployed overseas during WWII. In April 2021, the U.S. Senate passed the legislation of Senator Jerry Moran (R-Kan.) to award the Congressional Gold Medal to members of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion, also referred to as the “Six Triple Eight.” For Kentucky, there are 18 names listed on the Army Women's Foundation website. The enlistment location for all but two of the women was Cincinnati, Ohio. The women's names and additional information are listed below.
For more see the 2019 documentary, A Lincoln Penny Films Production The Six Triple Eight, written and produced by James William Theres; see the websites 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion by Kevin M. Hymel; and These Black Female Heroes Made Sure U.S. WWII Forces Got Their Mail at History.com; see also To Serve My County, To Serve My Race (book and video) by Brenda L. Moore; and Sisters in Arms by Kalia Alderson. See also Karla Ward, "Film recognizes women, Kentuckians from special WWII unit," 06/27/2021, Lexington Herald-Leader, p.3A, News section.
*Attached posters provided by Barbara Kent, MPA, Director and Army Veteran Office of Military and Veterans Affairs at Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, KY.
1. Adams, Henrietta (January 10, 1922 – August 25, 2002)
Born in Louisville, KY, the daughter of Henrietta Duncan and William Q. Adams. Children: Wanda Mattingly, William Buckner, William Fountain, and Terrance Fountain. Buried in Lebanon National Cemetery in Lebanon, KY. SOURCES: Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1930 & 1940 U.S. Census, and Find A Grave, all accessible via Ancestry.com; and death notice in the Courier-Journal, 08/27/2002, p.27 in Newspapers.com.
2. Blythe, Jennetta Schooler (November 15, 1914 – November 11, 2002)
Born in Richmond, KY, the daughter of Fannie Dunson and James Broaddus Schooler. Husband: John William Blythe. SOURCES: Social Security Applications and Claims Index, and Kentucky Birth Index in Ancestry.com
3. Brock, Emma H. (April 6, 1918 - November 22, 1976)
Lived in Louisville, KY. Born in Georgia, the daughter of Varah Brown and Crawford Brock. Stepfather: Gilbert Mowman. Brothers: Walter Brock, Gilbert Mowman, and Lucian Mowman. Husband: Charles W. Hardimon. Alternate name: Emma H. Hardimon. Buried in Zachary Taylor National Cemetery in Louisville. SOURCES: 1920 & 1930 U.S. Census, and mother's death certificate, both in Ancestry.com; Find A Grave
4. Chambers, Effie (1919 - ????)
Born in Mississippi. Married. Enrolled in the WAACS in Jackson, MS in 1943 ("Four Colored WAACS enrolled at station here," Clarion-Ledger, 03/17/1943, p.12). She was living in Louisville, KY when she enlisted in 1944. SOURCES: WWII Army Enlistment Record in Ancestry.com; newspaper articles in Newspapers.com
5. Coleman, Alberta (October 24, 1916 – July 18, 1983)
Born in Whitley County, KY, the daughter of Clara Woods Miles, and the granddaughter of Emma Woods. Buried in Hilldale Cemetery in Danville, KY. SOURCES: 1930 & 1940 U.S. Census, and Kentucky Birth Index, both available in Ancestry.com; and Find A Grave
6. Cox, Venus B. (March 24, 1917 – August 28, 1978)
Born in Lexington, KY. Mother: Caroline Jett, Stepfather: Top Strong. Siblings: Wesley Cox and Barney Cox. Ex-husband: Searcy Young. Alternate names: Venus Cox Young, Venus Miller, Venus Bell Miller. Buried in Fort Logan Cemetery in Denver, CO. SOURCES: WWII Army Enlistment Records, 1930 U.S. Census, Social Security Applications and Claims Index, and Family Tree, all in Ancestry.com
7. Cross, Minnie Grace (December 20, 1918 - September 29, 2010)
Born in Bardstown, KY. Died in Cleveland, OH. Mother: Sallie A. Duncan, Father: Thomas A. Cross. Siblings: Thomas, William, Martha, Dorothy, Edna, and Ernest. Husband: M. Morris Jackson. Children: John Jackson and Dennis Jackson. Children and other relatives listed in Obit at Find A Grave. SOURCES: Ohio Death Records, in Ancestry.com; and Find A Grave
8. Gill, Marilyn Ellen (June 22, 1925 - February 5, 2016)
Born in Bibbtown, KY (Logan County). Died in Chicago, IL, and buried in Russellville, KY. Mother: Mamie D. Bowles, Father: Henry Gill. Siblings: James Gill and Beulah Gill. Marilyn E. Gill was one of seven Negro women from Kentucky to report to W.A.A.C. Training Center at Ft. Des Moines, Iowa in March of 1943 ("Seven Negro auxiliaries," The Courier-Journal, 02/19/1943, p.4). She played on the women's military basketball team. BIRTH YEAR INCORRECT IN MILITARY INDEX. SOURCES: U.S. Cemetery and Funeral Home Collection in Ancestry.com; newspaper articles in Newspaper.com; and Find A Grave
9. Hammond, Ruth Henrietta (May 27, 1916 – November 26, 1991)
Born in Louisville, KY. Died in Boston, MA. Mother: Nannie Turner, Father: Robert L. Durham. Alternate name: Ruth Henrietta Durham. LISTED AS WHITE ON THE ARMY ENLISTMENT RECORD, AND MIDDLE NAME MISSPELLED. Ex-husband: Joseph B. Hammond. SOURCES: 1940 U.S. Census, Indiana Marriages Index, Social Security Applications and Claims Index, Massachusetts Death Index, all in Ancestry.com
10. Harris, Norene (March 25, 1920 - August 17, 2004)
Lived in Hazard, KY. Born in Thomasville, AL, and died in Chicago, IL. Mother: Frances Southhall, Father: Anderson Harris, one of the coal miners from Alabama who moved to Hazard, KY. Alternate names: Norene Robinson Wallace, Norene R. Wallace Moore, Norene Wallace Moore. Siblings: Willard Harris and Wyle Harris. Spouse: Sylvester J. Rogers. Norene Wallace was one of the founders of the United Life Church in Chicago, IL. In 1942, she was one of the four Negro women sworn in with 31 white women at Fountain Square in Cincinnati, OH, the event was the first public enrollment ceremony for the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps held in Cincinnati ("WAACS sworn in at ceremony," The Cincinnati Enquirer, 12/06/1942, p.26). SOURCES: WWII Army Enlistment Records, 1930 U.S. Census, and Social Security Applications and Claims Index, all in Ancestry.com; articles in Newspapers.com
11. Hayden, Vivian Geneva (October 13, 1920 – April 24, 1966)
Born in Owensboro, KY. Mother: Gracie M. Couch, Father: Aurelia Dee Hayden, Jr. Siblings: Aurelia, James, Harold, Lavonia, Doris Cozetta, and Sallye. Spouse: Charles Allen Lawton. Children: Charlotte, Charles, William, and Michael. Buried in Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery in St. Louis, MO. LAST NAME SOMETIMES MISSPELLED AS HAYDON. In 1942, Vivian G. Hayden was among the first women from Owensboro, KY, to enlist in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps. SOURCES: U.S. Veterans Gravesites, KY Birth Index, and 1940 U.S. Census, all in Ancestry.com; newspaper articles in Newspapers.com
12. Jackson, Julia M. (1911 - ????)
Born in KY. Divorced. Her military enlistment record says that she lived in Louisville. According to a newspaper article, she was from Lexington (“First Contingent of Negro Wacs Arrives in England,” The Pittsburgh Courier, 02/24/1945, p.2). Perhaps she lived in both cities. In 1945, Julia M. Jackson is listed among Hamilton County, OH veterans returning from overseas ("Homeward bound," The Cincinnati Enquirer, 12/22/1945, p.14). SOURCES: WWII Army Enlistment Records, 1940 Lexington City Directory, 1942 Louisville City Directory, all in Ancestry.com; and articles from Newspaper.com
13. Longmire, Sarah Elizabeth (June 24, 1920 – May 11, 2012)
Lived in McAndrews, KY (Pike County). Born in Tennessee, and died in Cleveland, OH. Daughter of Ethel and John Longmire. Siblings: David Longmire and Lawrence Longmire. Alternate name: Sarah Livingston. Buried in Lake View Cemetery in Cleveland. SOURCES: 1940 U.S. Census, and Ohio Death Records, both in Ancestry.com; and Find A Grave
14. Marshall, Grant Esther (November 16, 1918 – June 13, 1966)
Born in Henderson, KY. Mother: Millie A. Hancock, Father: Grant Elliott Marshall. Daughter: Beverly Ann Marshall Cherry Dennis. Husband: James A. Thomas. Buried in Fernwood Cemetery in Henderson, KY. Alternate names: Grant Ester Marshall, and Grant Esther M. Thomas. Grant E. Marshall was the first African American woman from Henderson, KY to enlist in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps ("Henderson Negro is sworn in as Waac," Park City Daily News, 02/09/1943, p.4). She served from Sept. 1, 1943-January 6, 1946. SOURCES: KY Birth Index, Family Tree, and Headstone Applications for Military Veterans, all in Ancestry.com; Newspapers.com; and Find A Grave.
15. Miller, Evelyn Eva (August 29, 1924 – March 8, 2005)
Born in Georgetown, KY. Buried in Highland Cemetery in Ft. Mitchell, KY. Mother: Emma F. Roberts, Father: Charles H. Miller. Siblings: Mary, Joseph, William, and Alice. She lived in Cincinnati, OH, prior her death. SOURCES: U.S. Veterans Gravesites, Ohio Death Records Index, Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1930 U.S. Census, all in Ancestry.com; Find A Grave
16. Nelson, Carrie Ethel (June 29, 1915 – ????)
Born in Henderson, KY, Mother: Corey Cheaney, Father: William Nelson. Siblings: Marguerite, Herman, Starling, Phillipp, Mary, and Virginia. SOURCE: WWII Army Enlistment Records, KY Birth Index, 1920 U.S. Census, in Ancestry.com
17. Ricketts, Adele (1904 - ????)
Lived in Louisville, KY. Married in 1941. Accepted into the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps in 1943 ("W.A.A.C. enlistment pushed as Kentucky promotions listed," The Courier-Journal, 01/04/1943, p.6). Sued to divorce husband Jeptha Ricketts in 1947 ("Marriage licenses," The Courier-Journal, 04/11/1947, p.14). SOURCES: Newspapers.com; WWII Army Enlistment Records in Ancestry.com.
18. Saunders, Nettie Mae (April 3, 1916 - October 26, 1974)
Born in Keene, KY, the daughter of Sallie Mitchell Taylor and Dan Saunders. Husband: Jesse H. Hale. Nettie M. Saunders was a student in Kentucky State College when she enlisted in the W.A.A.C.S in 1943. Nettie Mae Saunders came home on furlough from the Army in October of 1944 ("Home on furlough," Sunday Herald-Leader, 01/11/1944, p.11 & picture with article). SOURCES: Kentucky Birth Index, and Polk's Frankfort (Franklin County, KY) City Directory, 1942, p.190, both in Ancestry.com; and the obituary, "Hale, Mrs. Nettie Saunders, The Lexington Leader, 10/29/1974, p.20, in Newspapers.com