From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Gross, Tabbs

(born: 1820  -  died: 1880) Tabbs Gross was the first African American to publish and own a newspaper in Arkansas. The Arkansas Freeman newspaper was published 1869-1870 in Little Rock. Tabbs Gross was also a lawyer; he was admitted to practice law in 1869 by the Arkansas Supreme Court. He ran unsuccessfully for several political offices, including that of an Arkansas Legislator. He served as vice president of the Liberal Republican state convention in Little Rock in 1869. Tabbs Gross was active in the Republican Party and fought to gain a higher position within the party. He was outspoken about the party's indifference to its African American members and the needs of African Americans in general.

Tabbs Gross was a former slave who was born in Germantown, KY. He purchased his freedom and moved to Cincinnati, OH where he helped other slaves to escape through the Underground Railroad and to get housing. He served with Company C of the Black Brigade in Cincinnati during the U.S. Civil War. In 1863, he was listed in the city directory as an Intelligence Officer. Tabbs Gross had been a free man since before the war; on January 8, 1851, he married Elizabeth Jane Turner in Hamilton, OH.  He moved to Arkansas in 1867, but maintained a residence in Cincinnati, OH, where he returned to practice law starting in 1870.

For more information see the Tabbs Gross webpage at The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture website; the 1870 U.S. Census; The State of Ohio, County Marriage Records; p.24 in The Black Brigade of Cincinnati: being a report of its labors and a muster-roll of its members...; p.71 in Henderson and Albertson's Little Rock City Directory 1871; and the Cincinnati city directories starting with Williams' Cincinnati Directory, June 1863 through Williams' Cincinnati Directory, June 1879.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Bracken County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Mason County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Germantown, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Outside Kentucky Place Name

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Encyclopedia of Arkansas history and culture [online]
NKAA Source: The Arkansas freeman (newspaper)
NKAA Source: The Black brigade of Cincinnati : being a report of its labors and a muster-roll of its members : together with various orders, speeches, etc., relating to it
NKAA Source: Ancestry (online)
NKAA Source: Williams' Cincinnati directory (serial)

Related Entries Citing this Entry

NKAA Entry:  African American Lawyers/Attorneys, Kentucky, 1880-1940

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Gross, Tabbs,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed December 11, 2019, https://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/300003831.

Last modified: 2019-02-16 15:31:37