Owsley County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870Owsley County, located in eastern Kentucky, was formed in 1843 from portions of Breathitt, Clay, and Estill Counties. It is surrounded by five counties and was named for William Owsley, a Kentucky governor who also served in the Kentucky House and Senate, and was Kentucky Secretary of State. The county seat is Booneville, named for Daniel Boone. The 1850 county population was 3,956, according to the U.S. Federal Census, and the population increased to 5,223 by 1860, excluding the slaves. Below are the number of slave owners, slaves, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.
1850 Slave Schedule
- 41 slave owners
- 114 Black slaves
- 22 Mulatto slaves
- 7 free Blacks [last names Orchard, 1 Jenkins, 1 Butcher]
- 15 free Mulattoes [last names Butcher, Ross, 1 Clark, 1 Ferey, 1 Goosey]
- 29 slave owners
- 77 Black slaves
- 35 Mulatto slaves
- 3 free Blacks [last names Hornsby, 1 Buford]
- 15 free Mulattoes [last names Goosey, Ross, 2 Norman, 1 Smith, 1 Ward]
- 26 Blacks [last names Cawood, Guess, Minter, 1 Pendleton, 1 Ambrose]
- 17 Mulattoes [last names Cawood, Ross, 3 Ambrose, 1 Bowman, 1 Clark, 1 Minter]
- At least one U.S. Colored Troop listed Owsley County as his birth location [Allen Jett].