Elliott County (KY) Free Blacks and Free Mulattoes, 1870-1900Elliott County is located in northeastern Kentucky, and was formed in 1869 from portions of Morgan, Lawrence, and Carter Counties. The county is named for either John L. Elliott, a Kentucky Senator and House Member, or his son Judge John M. Elliott who was assassinated. The county seat is Sandy Hook. The county population in 1870 was 4,433, and it increased to 10,448 in 1900. Elliott County was formed in 1869, which was after the emancipation of slaves in Kentucky with the Ratification of the 13th Amendment in 1865. Below are the population numbers for African Americans in the county 1870, 1880, and 1900.
1870 U.S. Federal Census
- 21 Blacks [with the last names Collins or Howard, and one named Watson]
- 3 Blacks [Collins, Howard, Watson]
- 1 Mulatto [Watson]
- 2 Blacks [Watson]
- 10 Mulattoes [most with the last name Leadenham, one Roe, one Whitt]