From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Clinton County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

Clinton County is located in south-central Kentucky, on the Tennessee border and neighboring three Kentucky counties. The county was formed in 1835 from portions of Cumberland and Wayne Counties, and was named for DeWitt Clinton who was a U.S. Senator and the Governor of New York. The county seat is Albany; some of the earliest settlers came to the area from Albany, NY. There were 631 [heads of households] counted in the 1840 U.S. Federal Census, and the population increased to 5,523 by 1860, excluding the slaves. Below are the figures for the slave owners, slaves, and free Blacks and Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule
  • 78 slave owners
  • 233 Black slaves
  • 29 Mulatto slaves
  • 35 free Blacks [most with the last name of Cowan or Cozens]
  • 3 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 77 slave owners
  • 181 Black slaves
  • 78 Mulatto slaves
  • 10 free Blacks
  • 10 free Mulattoes
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 202 Blacks
  • 108 Mulattoes
  • About 18 U.S. Colored Troops listed Clinton County, KY, as their birth location.
For more see the Clinton County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; and Clinton County, Kentucky: a pictorial history by Clinton County Historical Society.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Clinton County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Albany, Kentucky in Wikipedia.


Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: Clinton County, Kentucky : a pictorial history

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Clinton County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed July 4, 2020,

Last modified: 2018-02-09 20:25:33