From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Bath County (KY) Enslaved, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

Bath County is located in the northeastern part of Kentucky, surrounded by five other Kentucky counties. It was established in 1811 from part of Montgomery County, though white settlers had come to the area as early as 1775.

Bath County was named for its medicinal springs. The county seat was originally Catlett's Flats, but it was changed to Owingsville in 1811.

In 1820, the population of Bath County was recorded as 1,132 [heads of households] in the U.S. Federal Census; the population had grown to 9,747 in 1850, excluding the enslaved. Below are the number of slave owners, enslaved, free Blacks, and Mulattoes from 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule
  • 823 slave owners
  • 3,216 Black slaves
  • 50 Colored slaves
  • 567 Mulatto slaves
  • 94 free Blacks
  • 2 free Colored [Caroline Duncan and her daughter Mary Duncan]
  • 34 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 441 slave owners
  • 1,933 Black slaves
  • 562 Mulatto Slaves
  • 90 free Blacks
  • 2 free Colored [Eli Burton and James Burton]
  • 51 free Mulattoes
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 1,438 Blacks
  • 283 Mulattoes
  • About 100 U.S. Colored Troops listed Bath County, KY as their birth location.
For more see the Bath County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia, edited by J. E. Kleber; and A History of Bath County, Kentucky, by J. A. Richards.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Bath County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Catlett's Flats, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Owingsville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Item Relations

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: A History of Bath County, Kentucky

Related Entries Citing this Entry


Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Bath County (KY) Enslaved, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed May 22, 2024,

Last modified: 2023-08-23 16:24:54