Colored Ladies' Soldiers Aid Society (Louisville, KY)
The Colored Ladies Soldiers Aid Society provided aid to Colored soldiers in the Union Army. Similar groups had formed in other states.
It is believed that after the Civil War the Louisville organization was involved with developing a school for children and assisted with the building of a hospital. In 1865 the Colored Ladies' Soldier's and Freeman's Aid Society participated in the first 4th of July celebration parade by free persons in Louisville.
For more see Natural Allies: women's associations in American history, by A. F. Scott; and p. 129 in Autobiography of James L. Smith, by J. L. Smith [available online at Google Books].