From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Anderson, Mattie E.

(born: 1853) 

Mattie E. Anderson, born in Ohio, used her own money to open Frankfort Female High School in 1871 to train African American teachers for Franklin, Fayette, and Woodford Counties in Kentucky. She was the principal and also a teacher at the school.

Anderson is listed in the 1880 U.S. Federal Census as a school teacher who was boarding at the home of Peter and Julia Smith. Peter was a barber who lived in his home on Broadway in Frankfort. Mattie is listed as a mulatto, though in some sources her race is given as white.

Another teacher boarding at the home was Lucretia Newman from Michigan, who was also listed as a mulatto woman. The third person boarding at the house was 14-year-old Winnie Scott, who would become a teacher in the Frankfort Colored School.

For more see "Miss Mattie E. Anderson" in Noted Negro Women: their triumphs and activities, by M. A. Majors; Library Services to African Americans in Kentucky, by R. F. Jones, p. 18; and "Frankfort: Miss Mattie E. Anderson, Teacher," The American Missionary, vol. 32, issue 9 (September 1878), p. 276 [available online at the HathiTrust website]. See also the NKAA entry for African American Schools in Frankfort and Franklin County, KY.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Franklin County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Frankfort, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Outside Kentucky Place Name

Item Relations

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Anderson, Mattie E.,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed June 23, 2024,

Last modified: 2021-06-02 16:01:42