From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Hubbard, Theodore C.

(born: 1842  -  died: 1904) Theodore C. Hubbard was the first African American to enlist at Camp Lincoln with the Illinois National Guard; he was an orderly under Edgar P. Tobey, captain of Battery D. Hubbard joined the Union Army in 1861, the only African American soldier at the camp until the formation of the 9th Battalion of Chicago in 1893. The battalion would later become the 8th Illinois, the first Negro regiment sent to Cuba during the Spanish-American War.

At the time of his enlistment, Hubbard was a fugitive enslaved man who had been born in Kentucky. In 1878, the Sixteenth Battalion was formed under the leadership of Major Hubbard, made up of African American men [see Eleanor L. Hannah, Manhood, Citizenship, and the National Guard: Illinois, 1870-1917]. After the war he served as the official messenger of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago from 1887-1904.

Theodore Hubbard was the husband of Amanda Hubbard. In 1900, the family of four lived on 30th Street in Chicago, sharing their home with four boarders, according to the U.S. Federal Census. Hubbard was a commander of the John Brown Post No. 60 G.A.R., colonel of the commander-in-chief's staff of the G.A.R., and a member of the 19th Illinois Veterans Club.

For more see Theodore C. Hubbard in "Telegraphic Brevities," Grand Rapids Tribune, 4/27/1904, p. 2; and Illinois Writer's Project, "Camp Lincoln," Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 34, issue 3 (Sept. 1941), pp. 281-302.

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NKAA Source: Grand Rapids tribune (newspaper)
NKAA Source: Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (periodical)

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“Hubbard, Theodore C.,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed July 20, 2024,

Last modified: 2023-07-31 16:51:59