From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Butler County (KY) Enslaved, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

Butler County is located in the western part of Kentucky, bordered by six Kentucky counties. It was formed in 1810 from portions of Logan and Ohio Counties and named for Richard Butler, a Revolutionary War veteran from Pennsylvania. The county seat is Morgantown.

There were 322 persons [heads of households] counted in the 1810 U.S. Federal Census for Butler County; the population had increased to 7,117 by the year 1860, excluding the enslaved. Below are the numbers for the slave holders, enslaved, and free Blacks and Mulattoes from 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule

  • 177 slave owners
  • 574 Black slaves
  • 107 Mulatto slaves
  • 14 free Blacks
  • 4 free Mulattoes

1860 Slave Schedule

  • 213 slave owners
  • 560 Black slaves
  • 212 Mulatto slaves
  • 25 free Blacks
  • 0 free Mulattoes

1870 U.S. Federal Census

  • 622 Blacks
  • 16 Mulattoes
  • About 17 U.S. Colored Troops listed Butler County, KY as their birth location.

For more see the Butler County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia, edited by J. E. Kleber; Butler County, Kentucky, by L. Russ; and African-American life in Butler County, Kentucky, by R. G. Givens.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Butler County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Morgantown, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Item Relations

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Butler County (KY) Enslaved, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed May 28, 2024,

Last modified: 2023-08-23 16:16:52