From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Stone-Campbell Movement in Kentucky

Also referred to as the Restoration Movement, the Stone-Campbell Movement began in the early 1800s. The name refers to Barton W. Stone and Alexander Campbell, two leading figures of independent religious movements which were merged. As a result of the merger, a new way of preaching and teaching developed.

The roots of the movement were planted at The Great Revival held at Cane Ridge (Bourbon County), KY in 1801. African Americans, most of them slaves, were among the thousands who attend the revival. Samuel Buckner, a slave and a preacher (ordained in 1855), was a member of the Cane Ridge Church.

The first African American congregation in the movement was the Colored Christian Church in Midway, KY (1834), followed by Hancock Hill Church in Louisville, KY (1850s) and Little Rock Christian Church in Bourbon County, KY (1861). The College of Scriptures, established in Louisville in 1945, provided correspondence course work for African Americans not allowed to attend other schools. The school was located in Louisville because "this location was considered not too far North and not too far from its primary constituents, would-be preachers for African American congregations."

In 1971, Walter D. Bingham was elected moderator of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) by the General Assembly meeting in Louisville; he was the first African American Disciple named to the post.

For more see In Other Words... Stories of African-American Involvement in the Early Years of the Stone-Campbell Movement in Kentucky, by M. A. Fields and S. B. Fields; The Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement, edited by D. A. Foster, P. M. Blowers, A. L. Dunnavant, and D. N. Williams [quotation taken from p. 227]; "A Brief History of the Stone-Campbell Tradition," on the Disciples  History website.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Bourbon County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Woodford County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Jefferson County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Cane Ridge, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Midway, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Louisville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Little Rock, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Item Relations

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Stone-Campbell Movement in Kentucky,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed April 14, 2024,

Last modified: 2021-09-24 17:50:19