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Crouch, Hubert B.
Birth Year : 1906
Death Year : 1980
In 1943, ten men of science from historically black colleges established what would become the Association of Science Teachers in Negro Colleges and Affiliated Institutions (ASTNCAI). One of the members was Hubert Branch Crouch, a zoologist who taught at Kentucky State College [now Kentucky State University], beginning in 1931. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Iowa in 1936. It had been in 1931, while attending the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, that Crouch got the idea to form a national organization of African American scientists. He also formed the Council of Science Teachers within the Kentucky Negro Educational Association. For more see W. M. King, "Hubert Branch Crouch and the origins of the National Institute of Science," The Journal of Negro History, vol. 79, issue 1 (1994), pp. 18-33.
Subjects: Education and Educators, Zoologists
Geographic Region: Frankfort, Franklin County, Kentucky

Holland, James P.
Birth Year : 1934
Death Year : 1998
James Phillips Holland was the first African American from Kentucky to be named to West Point Military Academy. He was 19 years old when the nomination was made by Republican Senator John Sherman Cooper, with recommendation by Kentucky State College President R. B. Atwood. Born in Bowling Green, KY, Holland was valedictorian of his graduating class at State Street High School. He received his bachelor's degree from Kentucky State College [now Kentucky State University] in 1956 and his master's degree (1958) and PH. D. (1961) in endocrinology from Indiana University. He was a professor of Zoology at Indiana University, where his research explored how reproductive physiology is influenced by thyroid gland activity. The James P. Holland Memorial Lecture Series was established in 2000 at Indiana University; the school also offers the James P. Holland Fellowship in Biology. For more see "Senator names first Kentucky Negro to West Point," Jet, 03/25/1924, p.6 [article available full text at Google Book Search]; and Scientists in the Black Perspective, by H. A. Young and B. H. Young.

See photo image and additional information about James P. Holland on the Department of Biology website at Indiana University, Bloomington.
Subjects: Education and Educators, Migration North, Zoologists
Geographic Region: Bowling Green, Warren County, Kentucky / Indiana


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