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<Sociologists & Social Scientists>

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Austin, Bobby W.
Birth Year : 1944
He was born in Jonesville, an African American community in Bowling Green, KY. Austin earned a B.A. in Economics and Sociology from Western Kentucky University in 1966; a Master's in Sociology from Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1968; and a Ph. D. from McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, in 1972. Austin relocated to Washington, D.C. He is the founder and editor of the Urban League Review and a partner with Austin Ford Associates. Austin founded the Village Foundation, which focuses on reconnecting African American males with society. He is co-author of Repairing the Breach and Wake Up and Start to Live, both of which focus on African American males. For more see the Bobby Austin entry at The HistoryMakers website.
Subjects: Authors, Civic Leaders, Sociologists & Social Scientists, Urban Leagues
Geographic Region: Jonesville, Warren County, Kentucky (no longer exists) / Bowling Green, Warren County, Kentucky / Washington, D. C.

Bond, J. Max, Sr.
Birth Year : 1902
Death Year : 1991
J. Max Bond, Sr. was born in Nashville, TN. His family, who had previously lived in Kentucky, moved back, and Bond attended Lincoln Institute. He later attended what is now Roosevelt University in Chicago, then earned his sociology master's degree at the University of Pittsburgh and his Ph.D in sociology at the University of Southern California. Bond was president of the University of Liberia, 1950-1954 [Liberia, Africa]. He was also dean of the School of Education at Tuskegee University as well as a U.S. representative of the Inter-American Educational Foundation at Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Bond wrote A Survey of Tunisian Education and The Negro in Los Angeles. J. Max Bond, Sr. was the son of James M. Bond, the husband of Ruth E. Clement Bond, and the father of J. Max Bond, Jr. For more see The Bonds, by R. M. Williams; Biography Index. A cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines, vol. 17, Sept. 1990-Aug. 1992; and "J. Max Bond, Sr., Educator, Aid Official," The Seattle Times, 12/18/1991, Deaths, Funerals section, p. E8. Additional information can also be found on the webpage and within the J. Max Bond, Sr. and Ruth E. Clement Bond Papers, 1912-2004 at Columbia University Library in New York.
Subjects: Authors, Education and Educators, Fathers, Sociologists & Social Scientists
Geographic Region: Nashville, Tennessee / Kentucky

Clark, John T.
Birth Year : 1883
Death Year : 1949
John T. Clark was born in Louisville, KY, the son of John R. and Sallie Clark. He graduated in 1906 from Ohio State University with a focus in sociology and economics. Clark returned to Louisville, where he was an instructor at Central High School (1907-1913). He left Louisville to become housing secretary in New York City (1913-1916). He was a contributing author to the 1915 collection, "Housing and Living Conditions among Negroes in Harlem." Clark held a number of posts with the National Urban League and its state chapters from 1916 to1949, including bringing the National Urban League to Pittsburgh in 1917 and becoming executive secretary of the St. Louis Urban League, beginning in 1926. Also a member of the American Social Workers Association, Clark was elected the third vice president of the National Conference of Social Work in 1940. For more see Who's Who in Colored America, 1933-37; and Who's Who in Colored America, 1950. The John T. Clark files of the Urban League of St. Louis are available at the Washington University of St. Louis Library.
Subjects: Activists, Civil Rights, Authors, Civic Leaders, Education and Educators, Migration North, Migration West, Social Workers, Sociologists & Social Scientists, Urban Leagues, Housing, Fair Housing, Open Housing, Housing Agencies
Geographic Region: Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky / New York City, New York / Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania / St. Louis, Missouri

Evans, William L., Sr.
Birth Year : 1886
Born in Louisville, KY, Evans received an A.B. from Fisk University in 1909, took advanced study at Columbia University, from 1910 to 1911, and earned his M.A. from the University of Buffalo in 1930. He was Industrial Secretary of the Chicago Urban League, 1919-1923, worked with Plato and Evans Architectural Firm, 1923-1927, and was executive secretary of the Buffalo Urban League, beginning in 1927. Evans had also been a teacher before moving to Buffalo. He was a member of the Buffalo Commission in the New York State Commission Against Discrimination. Evans was the author of three articles: "Federal Housing Brings Racial Segregation to Buffalo," "Race, Fear and Housing," and "The Negro Community in 1948." He was the father of W. Leonard Evans, Jr. For more see Who's Who in Colored America, 1933-37 & 1950; and Strangers in the Land of Paradise, by L. S. Williams.
Subjects: Activists, Civil Rights, Architects, Education and Educators, Fathers, Migration North, Sociologists & Social Scientists, Urban Leagues, Housing, Fair Housing, Open Housing, Housing Agencies
Geographic Region: Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky / Chicago, Illinois / Buffalo, New York

Halliburton, Cecil D.
Birth Year : 1900
Death Year : 1956
Halliburton was born in Hickman, KY, the son of George T. and Mattie Halliburton, and he was the husband of Mary Jane Adams Halliburton. A social scientist and journalist, Cecil Halliburton received his A.B. degree from Lincoln University in 1923, attended graduate school at the New York School of Social Work in 1930, and earned an M A. from the University of Pittsburgh in 1933. He was a member of the social science department at St. Augustine's College from 1930-1950. He became President of Voorhees School and Junior College in 1950. He is the author of History of St. Augustine's College (1937) and served as editor and columnist with the Carolinian (NC) and the Philadelphia Tribune. Cecil Halliburton died in Nashville, TN, in 1956. For more see Who's Who in Colored America, 1950.
Subjects: Authors, Education and Educators, Journalists, Newspapers, Magazines, Book Publishers, Music Publishers, Migration North, Sociologists & Social Scientists, Migration South
Geographic Region: Hickman, Fulton County, Kentucky / Nashville, Tennessee

Parrish, Charles H., Jr.
Birth Year : 1899
Death Year : 1989
In 1951, Charles H. Parrish, Jr. was the first African American faculty member at the University of Louisville (U of L) after the segregated school, Louisville Municipal College for Negroes, was closed. Parrish was also the first African American faculty member at a white school in the South. A sociologist, he chaired the Sociology Department. Parrish was also a civil rights activist. The Charles Parrish, Jr. Papers are at the U of L. A Kentucky Historical Marker [#2008] has been placed at the U of L Belknap Campus in his honor. For more see History of Blacks in Kentucky, by G. C. Wright; and The Charles H. Parrishes, by L. H. Williams.


Access Interview Listen to the recording and read the transcript to the Charles H. Parrish, Jr. oral history interviews at the University of Louisville Libraries.

See photo image of Charles H. Parrish, Jr. at the University of Louisville website.
Subjects: Activists, Civil Rights, Education and Educators, Sociologists & Social Scientists
Geographic Region: Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky

Pryor, Albert Conklin, Jr.
Birth Year : 1912
Death Year : 2005
Pryor was born in Paducah, KY, the son of Albert C. Pryor, Sr. and Minnie Moreland Pryor. Pryor, Jr. graduated from Le Moyne College in 1942 and taught at Kentucky State College [now Kentucky State University] before earning a master's degree in sociology from the University of Chicago. In 1954 he became the first African American hired to teach high school in the Springfield, MA, school system. Pryor earned his Ph. D. in 1963 from the University of Connecticut, and in 1967 he was hired as a full professor at Western New England College, where he created and developed the school's social work program; he retired from there in 1983. The Al Pryor Award for Social Work was named in his honor. Pryor wrote the thesis, The reactions of Negro veterans to their military experiences, and was co-author of The Negro population of Kentucky at mid-century. For more see "Albert C. Pryor, Jr.," The Republican (newspaper), 02/05/2005, Obits section, p. B04.
Subjects: Authors, Education and Educators, Migration North, Social Workers, Sociologists & Social Scientists
Geographic Region: Paducah, McCracken County, Kentucky / Springfield, Massachusetts

Robinson, James H., Sr.
Birth Year : 1887
Death Year : 1963
James Hathaway Robinson, Sr. was born in Sharpsburg, KY, the son of Nathaniel and Martha Robinson. He moved to Cincinnati in 1915 to teach sixth grade at Douglass School. Robinson was a World War I veteran. He would become the Executive Secretary of the Negro Civic Welfare Association, which sponsored African American social work for the City of Cincinnati. He was also author of a number of publications, including the "Cincinnati Negro Survey" (later called "The Negro in Cincinnati"), published by the National Conference of Social Work in 1919; and "Social Agencies and Race Relations," a printed address in the Proceedings of the National Inter-Racial Conference (1925). Robinson attended Fisk University, earning his A.B. in 1911. He earned a second A.B. degree in 1912, an M.A. degree in 1914, and then pursued his Ph.D. in sociology, all at Yale University. He was the first African American to receive a fellowship at Yale University, the Larned Fellowship in 1913. Robinson also studied sociology and social service at the graduate level at Columbia University from 1914-1915. James H. Robinson, Sr. was a member of several organizations, including Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, and he was the only African American member of the National Council of the American Association of Social Workers. He was the husband of Neola E. Woodson, who was a graduate of the University of Cincinnati and a member of the newly formed Zeta Chapter in 1920. She was a school teacher in Cincinnati and at Covington High School. For more see Who's Who in Colored America, 1927; River Jordan, by J. W. Trotter, Jr.; Race and the city: work, community, and protest in Cincinnati, 1820-1970, by H. L. Taylor; and Cincinnati's Colored Citizens, by W. P. Dabney.

See photo image of James Hathaway Robinson, Sr. within the Digital Images Database at Yale University Manuscripts and Archives.
Subjects: Authors, Education and Educators, Welfare (Social Services) Organizations, Migration North, Military & Veterans, Social Workers, Sociologists & Social Scientists, Fraternal Organizations, Women's Groups and Organizations
Geographic Region: Sharpsburg, Bath County, Kentucky / Cincinnati, Ohio

Scott, Anna W. Porter
Birth Year : 1925
Scott was born in Fulton, KY, the daughter of Jevvie R. Patton Porter and Thomas M. Porter. She is the wife of John T. Scott. Anna W. Scott served with the U.S. WACs, 1944-1947, and returned to Fulton before moving to Urbana, IL, in 1958. She was the first woman elected to the Democrat State Central Committee in Illinois and was vice-chair of the State Democrat Party, 1974-1976. She ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 1976 and the Illinois House of Representative in 1977. In 1984, she was the coordinator of the 21st Congressional District for the Jessie Jackson campaign. In 1993, Scott was appointed to the Illinois Real Estate and Banking Board by Governor Jim Edgar. Anna Scott is a 1958 sociology graduate (B.S.), a 1960 education graduate (M.A.), and a 1964 social work graduate (M.S.W.) of the University of Illinois. She is a full-time sociology professor at Parkland College. For more see the Anna Wall Porter Scott entry in The Black Women in the Middle West Project, by D. C. Hine, et al.
Subjects: Education and Educators, Migration North, Military & Veterans, Politicians, Politics, Appointments & Elections, Sociologists & Social Scientists, Women's Groups and Organizations, Women's Army Corps (WACs)
Geographic Region: Fulton, Fulton County, Kentucky / Urbana, Illinois

Scott, Joseph Walter
Birth Year : 1935
Joseph W. Scott was born and raised in Detroit, MI. He earned his undergraduate degree in sociology at Central Michigan University in 1957, then earned his master's and Ph.D. at Indiana University. After serving two years in the U.S. Army, Dr. Joseph Scott became the first full-time African American faculty member at the University of Kentucky in the spring semester, 1965. Scott would begin the fall term as an assistant professor in the sociology department. Scott is presently a professor emeritus at the University of Washington; he has taught at four other higher education institutions in the U.S. as well as in Nigeria and Argentina. For more see "Kentucky U. names Negro," New York Times, 04/09/1965, p. 16; resources about James W. Scott in the University of Kentucky Archives; "The First Black faculty members at the nation's 50 flagship state universities," The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, no. 39 (Spring 2003), pp. 118-126; and Joseph W. Scott at the University of Washington website. Additional information provided by Valli Scott.

See photo image of Joseph W. Scott near the bottom of the Center for Multicultural Education website at the University of Washington.
Subjects: Education and Educators, Sociologists & Social Scientists
Geographic Region: Detroit, Michigan / Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky / Washington (state)

Snorton, Charles C.
Birth Year : 1908
Death Year : 2000
Snorton was a civil rights leader in Cleveland, OH. He was born in Crofton, KY, and was a 1937 sociology graduate of Kentucky State University. Snorton was one of the first members of the Future Outlook League in Cleveland, the organization was formed in 1935 and one of the goals was to encourage white business owners in predominately Black neighborhoods to hire African Americans. When talking did not work, members picketed and used economic boycotts. According to Snorton's newspaper obituary, he is credited for integrating the Ohio Bell Telephone Co., Cleveland Transit System, and trade union apprentice programs. Snorton, who was a World War II veteran, had been a chauffeur and a liquor store manager in Cleveland. For more see A. Baranick, "Charles Snorton, pushed white employers to hire blacks," Plain Dealer, 05/25/2000, Metro section, p.9B.
Subjects: Activists, Civil Rights, Migration North, Military & Veterans, Sociologists & Social Scientists, Telephone Company Employees, Telephone Inventions, Telephones and Race
Geographic Region: Crofton, Christian County, Kentucky / Cleveland, Ohio

Wilkinson, Doris Y.
Birth Year : 1936
Doris Y. Wilkinson was born in Lexington, KY, the daughter of Regina L. and Howard T. Wilkinson. She is director of the Project on the African American Heritage, Department of Sociology, at the University of Kentucky. Her interests include organizations and professions, medical sociology, and race and ethnic relations. Dr. Wilkinson was a member of the first class of African American students at the University of Kentucky in 1954, and she earned her Ph.D. at Case Western in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1967, she became the first African American female appointed to a full-time faculty position at the University of Kentucky. Dr. Wilkinson has received a number of awards and is author of numerous articles and eight books, including anthologies and co-authored works. A more recent recognition was the dedication of the Doris Y. Wilkinson Conference Room in Breckinridge Hall at the University of Kentucky on October 18, 2007. For more see "Sociologist inspired by cultural resilience," Lexington Herald-Leader, p. A14, 03/02/02; Who's who Among African Americans 1992-1995; and Who's Who in America 1998-2008.

 

   See "Doris Wilkinson, University of Kentucky Sociologist" on Connections with Renee Shaw, video #423 at KET (Kentucky Educational Television) website.
Subjects: Authors, Education and Educators, Sociologists & Social Scientists
Geographic Region: Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky

Yokley, Raytha L.
Birth Year : 1910
Death Year : 2001
Yokley, born in East Bernstadt, KY, was the son of Edd and Emma Yokley. The family lived in Russellville, KY. Yokley, a recognized sociologist, was one of the first African American professors at Western Kentucky University. He was also a retired sociology professor from Kentucky State University, and had taught at Fisk University and Meharry Medical College. Yokley published a number of articles and papers and collaborated with others on books such as The Black Church in America. He was a veteran of the U.S. Air Force and was a member of Alpha Kappa Delta and the Masons. Yokley was a two time graduate of Indiana University, where he earned his M.A. in 1941 and his Ph.D. in 1952. His dissertation is titled The Development of Racial Concepts in Negro Children. Yokley was living in Buffalo, NY, prior to his death. For more see The Fascinating Story of Black Kentuckians, by A. A. Dunnigan; and "Raytha L. Yokley," Daily News, 07/07/2001, Obituaries section.
Subjects: Authors, Education and Educators, Migration North, Military & Veterans, Sociologists & Social Scientists, Fraternal Organizations
Geographic Region: East Bernstadt, Laurel County, Kentucky / Bowling Green, Warren County, Kentucky / Russellville, Logan County, Kentucky / Buffalo, New York

 

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