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African American Schools in Adair County, KY
Start Year : 1886
End Year : 1956
There were colored schools in Adair County in 1886, according to the Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction. There are references to the schools in William G. Aaron's thesis History of Education in Adair County, Kentucky. In 1912, the Columbia Colored School was taught by Parker Jackman; he had been teaching since shortly after the end of the Civil War and was one of the first African American teachers in Adair County and Russell County. There were as many as 14 colored schools in Adair County, but the number decreased to 10 by 1933 [Aaron, p.112]. In 1917, bids were accepted for the building of a colored school in Kelleyville [source: "Notice," Adair County News, 07/25/1917, p.4]. In 1920, bids were accepted for the building of the Elroy Colored School in District G, Division 2 [source: "To Contractors," Adair County News, 01/28/1920, p.4]. In 1921, the colored teachers earned between $65-$75 per month, and in 1931, they earned between $44-$56 per month [Aaron, p.86]. Attendance ranged from 384 students in 1901 to 161 students in 1931 [Aaron, p.89]. The Columbia County High School for colored students opened in 1925; the school was funded by the County Board of Education and cost $3,800 [Aaron, p.107]. There was also the Rosenwald School built on Taylor Street and named Jackman High in honor of Parker Jackman. There were 10 high school students for the 1931-32 term. Integration of the schools in Adair County occured in 1956 after parents of Negro studens filed a lawsuit via the NAACP (James A. Crumlin, Sr.), [source: "Court orders Adair Board to end segregation, Leader, 12/01/1955].
- Colored Schools (14)
- Columbia School
- Jackman High School
- Kelleyville School
- Elroy School
- Knifley #2 School [source: Kentucky School Directory, 1961-62, p.839]
- Montpelier School [source: Kentucky School Directory, 1961-62, p.839]
- Pellyton #2 School [source: Kentucky School Directory, 1961-62, p.839]
See photo image of Columbia School c.1926 on p.73 in Rosenwald Schools in Kentucky, 1917-1923 by The Kentucky Heritage Council.
Subjects: Education and Educators, Grade Schools & High Schools in Kentucky, African American Schools in Kentucky (Counties A-Z)
Geographic Region: Adair County, Kentucky