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African American Schools, Freedmen Schools - Kentucky, 1866-1870
Start Year : 1866
End Year : 1870
The establishment (and support) of schools by the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands from 1866-1870 was the first major, statewide effort to provide education for African Americans in Kentucky. There were more than 200 freedmen schools in Kentucky, including American Missionary Association Schools that were supported by the Bureau. The support was extended to schools that held classes in churches and rented buildings. In areas where the schools were not welcomed, the buildings were destroyed and/or the teachers were run out of town. In most of the cities where the schools were established, they were the first schools for African Americans. There were day schools, night schools, and Sabbath schools for both children and adults. Prior to the arrival of the Bureau, there were about 35 colored schools with 58 colored teachers in Kentucky. The students paid a subscription fee. For those schools supported by the Bureau, the majority of the school teachers were white women, some from northern states and associated with the American Missionary Association. The history of the overall effort, successes and failures, and the names of cities where schools were located, are all included in the Semi-annual Report on Schools for Freedmen: numbers 1-10, January 1866-July 1870, by J. W. Alvord. The title is available full-text online at Google Books. See also the entries for African American Schools in the NKAA Database. See also The Race to Educate: African American resistance to educational segregation in Kentucky, 1865-1910 (dissertation) by T. L. Bradley.
 
Freedmen Schools in Kentucky

  • Bourbon County - Millersburg - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; - Paris - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; Freedmen School built by Mr. Clay.
  • Boyd County - Ashland - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau.
  • Boyle County - Danville - Freedmen School; American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; - Parksville - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; - Shelby City - Freedmen School
  • Bracken County - Augusta - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau.
  • Bullitt County - Shepherdsville - Freedmen School. Teacher threatened; Noble School burnt down; schools held in two churches, churches were burnt down.
  • Breckinridge County - Cloverport - Freedmen School; - Hardinsburg - Freedmen School
  • Caldwell County - Princeton - Freedmen School
  • Christian County - Hopkinsville - Freedmen School
  • Clark County - Winchester - Freedmen School
  • Cumberland County - Burkesville - Freedmen School built by white citizens.
  • Daviess County - Owensboro - Freedmen School (brick)
  • Fayette County - Lexington - Freedmen School; Sabbath School established by the Episcopal Church; High School; - Stickaway - Freedmen School
  • Franklin County - Frankfort - School built with $600 contribution from the Episcopal Church & school under supervision of the Bishop.
  • Fulton County - Hickman - Freedmen School
  • Gallatin County - Warsaw - Freedmen School
  • Garrard County - Lancaster - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau.
  • Graves County - Mayfield - Freedmen School. Freedmen beaten and whipped, teacher run out of town.
  • Harrison County - Cynthiana - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; Freedmen School
  • Hart County - Munfordville - Freedmen School; - Woodsonville - Freedmen School
  • Henderson County - Henderson - Freedmen School, school teachers threatened and run out of town.
  • Hickman County - Columbus - Freedmen School held in rented school house.
  • Jefferson County - Louisville - Teacher training school, school teacher insulted by police officer; Ely Normal School; - Portland - Freedmen School
  • Jessamine County - Camp Nelson - Ariel Academy (purchased by the Bureau for $1,520); - Keene - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau.
  • Kenton County - Covington - Freedmen School; there were also several schools held in churches; American Missionary Association Schools supported by the Bureau.
  • Lincoln County - Crab Orchard - Freedmen School. School teacher mobbed and run out of town.
  • Logan County - Auburn - School plans were scrapped due to mob.
  • McCracken County - Paducah - Runkle Institute [named for Benjamin P. Runkle, Superintendent of Education in Kentucky]
  • Madison County - Berea - Freedmen School; Berea College provided instruction to freemen; - Kingston - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; - Richmond - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; Freedmen School.
  • Mason County - Maysville - Freedmen School; American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; - Mayslick - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; - Washington - Freedmen School
  • Marion County - Lebanon - Freedmen School
  • Meade County - Bradenburg - Freedmen School, school was burnt down, another building rented and school continued; - Haysville - Freedmen School. School was burnt down.
  • Monroe County - Tompkinsville - Freedmen School. School was burnt down.
  • Montgomery County - Mt. Sterling - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; Freedmen School.
  • Nelson County - Bardstown - Freedmen School; - Bloomfield - Freedmen School; - Springfield - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau.
  • Nicholas County - Carlisle - Freedmen School
  • Oldham County - LaGrange - Freedmen School; - Peewee Valley - Freedman School
  • Pendleton County - Falmouth - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau.
  • Pulaski County - Somerset - Freedmen School. School teacher run out of town.
  • Shelby County - Shelbyville - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau; Freedmen School. Teacher assaulted by the county judge and run out of town.
  • Scott County - Georgetown - American Missionary Association School supported by the Bureau.
  • Simpson County - Franklin - Freedmen School. Teacher mobbed, had to be saved by U.S. Troops.
  • Todd County - Hadensville - Freedmen School; - Trenton - Freedmen School
  • Warren County - Bowling Green - Freedmen School. Teacher run out of town.
  • Woodford County - Versailles - Freedmen School; - Midway - Freedmen School
  • ? County - Chaplain - Freedmen School
  • ? County - Hopkins Farm - Freedmen School
  • ? County - Sills Farm - Freedmen School
  • ? County - Smith's Mill - Freedmen School
  • ? County - Turnerville - Freedmen School
  • Cairo, Illinois - Freedmen School. The school burnt down, it had been attend by studens who were members of the large number of former slaves from Kentucky who had escaped to Cairo.

Subjects: Education and Educators, Grade Schools & High Schools in Kentucky, Higher Education Before Desegregation, Kentucky
Geographic Region: Kentucky



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