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Cumberland County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870
Birth Year : 1850
Death Year : 1870
Cumberland County is located in south-central Kentucky, bordered by the state of Tennessee and five Kentucky counties. The county was formed in 1798 from a portion of Green County, and is named for the Cumberland River that flows through the county. The county seat, Burkesville, was incorporated in 1846. It was named for Samuel Burk, a citizen in the community. The city had been known as Cumberland Crossings prior to the name change to Burksville. The county population was 3,284 in the Second Census of Kentucky 1800; 3,012 whites, 236 slaves, and 36 free coloreds. By 1860, the population had increased to 5,927, according to the U.S. Federal Census, and excluding the slaves. Below are the figures for the slave owners, slaves, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule

  • 295 slave owners
  • 1,150 Black slaves
  • 332 Mulatto slaves
  • 45 free Blacks 
  • 0 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 273 slave owners
  • 1,213 Black slaves
  • 203 Mulatto slaves
  • 47 free Blacks
  • 192 free Mulattoes
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 1,288 Blacks
  • 251 Mulattoes
  • About 32 U.S. Colored Troops listed Cumberland County, KY, as their birth location.
For more see the Cumberland County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; Cumberland County, Kentucky Yesterday and Today by R. Wooten; and History of Cumberland County by J. W. Wells.
Subjects: Slave Owners, Slaves, Free Blacks, Free Mulattoes in Kentucky, 1850-1870 [by county A-C]
Geographic Region: Cumberland County, Kentucky

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