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Clark County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870
Start Year : 1850
End Year : 1870
Clark County was formed in 1792 from portions of Bourbon and Fayette Counties. Clark County is located in north-central Kentucky on the eastern edge of the Bluegrass Region, and is surrounded by six counties. It is named for George Rogers Clark, Revolutionary War veteran who was born in Virginia, and a brother to William Clark of the famed Lewis and Clark Expedition. The county seat is Winchester, named for Winchester, VA. The 1800 county population was 7,653, according to the Second Census of Kentucky: 6,075 whites, 1,561 slaves, and 17 free coloreds. The 1810 county population was 11,519, according to the Third Census of the United States (1810 Census), Clark County, Kentucky: 8,562 whites, 2,934 slaves, and 23 free coloreds. In 1830 there were two African American slave owners. The 1860 population was 6,727, according to the U.S. Federal Census, excluding the slaves. Below are the figures for the slave owners, slaves, and free Blacks and Mulattoes from 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule

  • 833 slave owners
  • 4,349 Black slaves
  • 574 Mulatto slaves
  • 103 free Blacks
  • 32 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 769 slave owners
  • 4,417 Black slaves
  • 347 Mulatto slaves
  • 113 free Blacks
  • 14 free Mulattoes
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 3,349 Blacks
  • 393 Mulattoes
  • About 380 U.S. Colored Soldiers listed Clark County, KY, as their birth location.
For more see the Clark County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; A.C. Quisenberry, "Clark County, Kentucky, in the Census of 1810" The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, 1922, vols.1-20, pp.68-84 [available at Google Books]; and Clark County, Kentucky: a history by T. D. Clark. See photo image of Oliver School (1892-1956) in Kentucky Digital Library - Images.

Subjects: Slave Owners, Slaves, Free Blacks, Free Mulattoes in Kentucky, 1850-1870 [by county A-C]
Geographic Region: Clark County, Kentucky



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