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Bourbon County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870
Start Year : 1850
End Year : 1870
Bourbon County is located in central Kentucky in the Bluegrass Region. The county was developed from a part of Fayette County in 1785. The county seat was named Hopewell, then Bourbonton, and finally renamed Paris in 1790. Bourbon County was one of the nine counties organized by the Virginia Legislature before Kentucky became a state. In the First Census of Kentucky, 1790, there were 6,929 whites and 908 slaves. Ten years later, the total population was 12,825 in the Second Kentucky Census 1800: 10,627 white, 2,136 slaves, and 62 free colored. In 1830 there were nine African American slave owners in the county. When the 1850 Census was completed, there were 7,401 persons, excluding the slaves. Below are the numbers for the slave owners, slaves, free Blacks and Mulattoes from 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule

  • 1,075 slave owners
  • 5,495 Black slaves
  • 1,576 Mulatto slaves
  • 171 free Blacks
  • 74 free Mulattoes

1860 Slave Schedule

  • 960 slave owners
  • 5,678 Black slaves
  • 1,086 Mulatto Slaves
  • 240 free Blacks
  • 102 free Mulattoes

1870 U.S Federal Census

  • 5,710 Blacks
  • 863 Mulattoes
  • About 350 U.S. Colored Troops listed Bourbon County, KY, as their birth location.

For more see the Bourbon County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia, edited by J. E. Kleber; Bourbon County in Collin's Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, vol. 2, by L. Collins and R. H. Collins [available at Google Book Search]; and History of Bourbon, Scott, Harrison, and Nicholas Counties, Kentucky, by W. H. Perrin and R. Peter.
Subjects: Slave Owners, Slaves, Free Blacks, Free Mulattoes in Kentucky, 1850-1870 [by county A-C]
Geographic Region: Bourbon County, Kentucky

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