Logging and Lumber, African Americans in Kentucky - Doing the Research(start date: - end date: )
There are very few African Americans in the lumber and logging business in Kentucky, and to date, there has not been any stand-alone research on this specific topic. Without a doubt, there were slaves who worked in the lumber and logging businesses in Kentucky. A starting point is the business records of slave owners who were also owners of lumber, logging, and wood-related businesses. More readily available data will be found embedded within the overall research about African Americans and/or logging, lumber, and the wood industries.
Sources such as the book title, Way Up North in Louisville by L. Adams, will have secondary data about the number of employees: p.200, Table 7. Black Employment in Louisville, Selected Industries, 1968 - Kister Lumber Company employed 110 African Americans. There are articles such as Heather Owens, "Public schools' desegregation in Williamsburg, Kentucky, 1955: some preliminary observations," The Upsilonian, v.14, Summer 2003 [online]. "During this period in Williamsburg, African-American males found employment at the Kentucky Lumber Company or the nearby Jones Lumber Company. Large amounts of lumber were cut from nearby forests and floated down the Cumberland River using African-American labor. The extra scraps of lumber, often nicknamed sideboards, given or sold cheaply to the African-Americans, helped them construct homes and sidewalks in their segregated neighborhoods around Briar Creek. Many African-Americans settled in a community which soon acquired the nickname “Slabtown.” Slabtown got its name from the use of the sideboards obtained from the Kentucky Lumber Company."
Other sources include the rare mention of individuals by name, such as Thomas K. Robb [NKAA entry] who was Yard Master at Burnside, Williamstown, and Louisville, all Kentucky communities. In 1896 Robb was elected Lumber Inspector for the Frankfort Penitentiary by the State Board of Sinking Fund Commissioners. An even earlier individual, at the end of the Civil War, is George Stevens [NKAA entry] from Georgetown, KY, settled in Springfield, IL, where he worked in a lumberyard. Another article that mentions African Americans in lumber and logging in Kentucky is by T. Des Jean, "Invisible people: the legacy of the African-American on the Upper Cumberland Plateau," National Park Service, 2001(?), p.3 [online .pdf]. "The Stearns Coal and Lumber Company in McCreary County, Kentucky, also employed a diverse workforce which was unusual in the Upper South of the early Twentieth Century. One of the Stearns Company’s physicians went to Knoxville, Tennessee, expressly to recruit black laborers for construction projects in 1902-04. ...many men worked for the Stearns Company in its logging, mining, and railroad operations."
Another source is the U.S. Federal Census; in 1940, there were at least 52 Negroes listed as being employed in some aspect of the lumber business in Lancaster, Springfield, Louisville, Gutherie, Elizabethtown and West Point (Hardin Co.), Eminence and Henry County, Paducah, Wickliffe (Ballard Co.), Wayne County, Christian County, Knox County, Hickman (Fulton Co.), Taylor County, Carlisle County, Lebanon, and Owensboro. Most were employed in Louisville. There were at least two in the logging business, one in Hopkinsville and one in Green County. In the 1880 Census, there are at least 15 Blacks and Mulattoes listed in some aspect of the lumber business for the following locations: Frankfort, Allen County, Powell County, Shelbyville, Sartain (Barren Co.), Louisville, and Lexington; and there was one in the logging business in Hickman (Fulton Co.).
Other government publications will provide additional information, such as the annual serial title Job Patterns for Minorities and Women in Private Industry, published by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission [later issues available online]. Use of the data from the commission will also be included within publication tables, such as the data from the 1966 Report No.1, Part II, found within the title The Negro in the Lumber Industry by J. C. Howard. The title by Howard is Report No. 19 of the series title The Racial Policies of American Industry. Data for Kentucky can be found on p.87, Table B-6, Lumber and Wood Products Industry and All Industries, Employment by Race for States, South Region, 1966. The table shows that of the 2,755 employees in Kentucky, there were 390 Negroes. The number of Negroes employed in Kentucky was the second lowest number in the table, and West Virginia had the lowest number. The Negro employment figures for both Kentucky and West Virginia were far below all other states in the South Region, and both states had the lowest number of employees overall.
For more see The Tribe of Black Ulysses: African American lumber workers in the Jim Crow South by W. P. Jones; and Negro Employment in Southern Industry: a study of racial policies in five industries by H. R. Northrup and R. L. Rowan.