From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Black Migration from England to Kentucky

(start date: 1900  -  end date: 1940) This entry is in response to the reference question that ask if emigrants from England (the country), who were identified as Black [or Colored, Mulatto, Negro, African] in the United States, were specifically sought to work in the coalmines in Kentucky from 1900-1940. At this time, nothing has been found to indicate that Blacks from England were actively recruited to work in the coalmines and live permanently in Kentucky. The names of two Black miners from England were found in the U.S. Census records. For the most part, Black coal miners were brought from locations in the U.S., in particular Alabama, to work in the coalmines in Kentucky. There were very few immigrant mineworkers in Kentucky who were from England. However, while researching the reference question, it was found that there were a few other Black immigrants from England who had other employment in Kentucky. Data about the miners and others are presented in the table below. For more about Black coal miners in Kentucky see A History of Blacks in Kentucky, v.2 by G. C. Wright; African American Miners and Migrants by the Eastern Kentucky Social Club; Black Coal Miners in America by R. L. Lewis; Work and Faith in the Kentucky Coal Fields by R. J. Callahan; and listen to "Interview with Vicie Combs, June 10, 1992" at Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History.

NAMES

KENTUCKY LOCATIONS

OCCUPATIONS

BIRTH/DEATH YEARS

SOURCES

NOTES

William Barnett

Louisville

Minister

1834-1916

KY Death Certificate File #7965, Registered #1020

Widower

James Cook

Louisville

Work House

1843-1869

KY Death Records

Died of paralysis

George Collins

Louisville

Fresco Painter

b.1870

1900 U.S. Census

Immigrated 1880

Joseph Cox

Covington

Porter at Shoe Store

b.1906

1930 U.S. Census

Immigrated 1914

Walter Davis

Cynthiana

Odd Jobs Butcher

b.1886

1910-1920 U.S. Census

Widower

May Delta [Pitcher]

Louisville

Widow

1808-1911

KY Death Certificate File #31631, Registered #4074

 

Maria Duff

Louisville

Widowed

b.1830

1900 U.S. Census

Immigrated 1870

Oney Duff

Louisville

Public School Teacher

b.1865

1900 U.S. Census

Son of Maria Duff

Lainie Gardiner

Franklin

Servant

b.1867

1900 U.S. Census

 

George Morton Jackson

Lexington

Soldier

1842-1932

1930 U.S. Census; KY Death Certificate File #20977, Registered #176

Immigrated 1842

Sidney Jenkins

Eddyville

Shoemaker in Prison

b.1879

1920 U.S. Census

 

Frank Menifee, Sr.

Campbell (Perry County)

Coal Miner

b.1880

1920 U.S. Census

Immigrated 1898

Mack Mitchell

Hazard (Perry County)

Coal Miner

b.1873

1930 U.S. Census

Immigrated 1918

William Johnson

Louisville

Lexington

Kentucky Standard

Lexington Standard

Newspaper editor

b.1860

1900 U.S. Census

Father-England Mother- India

Alonzo Owens

Lexington

Brick Mason

b.1875

1930 U.S. Census

 

Henry R. Marshall

Mayfield

Medical Doctor

b.1881

1940 U.S. Census

 

Maggie Marshall

Mayfield

Housewife

b.1889

1940 U.S. Census

 Wife of Henry R. Marshall

Jane McDowell

Earlington

Servant

b.1863

1880 U.S. Census

 

Alonza Reid

Louisville

Hotel Waiter

b.1873

1920 U.S. Census

Immigrated 1884

Thornton Smith

Louisville

Minister

b.1820

1870 U.S. Census

 

William Stringer

Camp (Fort) Knox

Soldier Utilities Detachment

b.1899

1920 U.S. Census

Immigrated 1905

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Jefferson County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Fayette County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Kenton County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Simpson County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Lyon County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Perry County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Graves County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Hopkins County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Hardin County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Bullitt County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Meade County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Louisville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Lexington, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Covington, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Franklin, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Eddyville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Campbell, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Hazard, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Mayfield, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Earlington, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Fort Knox, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Outside Kentucky Place Name

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Entry: African American Shoe Makers, Repairers, Shiners - Covington, Kenton County, KY
NKAA Entry: African American Shoemakers in Kentucky Prisons (A Leading U.S. Industry)
NKAA Entry: Kentucky African American Newspapers
NKAA Entry: Foreign-born Negroes and Kentucky
NKAA Source: A history of Blacks in Kentucky
NKAA Source: African American miners and migrants : the Eastern Kentucky Social Club
NKAA Source: Black coal miners in America: race, class, and community conflict, 1780-1980
NKAA Source: Work and faith in the Kentucky coal fields: subject to dust

Social Bookmarking

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Black Migration from England to Kentucky,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed February 24, 2018, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/300003681.

Last modified: 2018-02-12 18:30:55