From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

African American Schools in Monroe County, KY

(start date:  -  end date: ) 

In 1846, the Mt. Vernon Church was built in Gamaliel, KY, and the building also served as a school [source: Black Heritage Sites by N. C. Curtis, pp.99-100]. The church and school were established near Freetown, and the dual purpose log structure was built by George Pipkin, Albert Howard, and Peter West. Between 1866 and 1870, there was a Freedmen School in Tompkinsville, KY, supported by the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands; however, the school was burned down [see NKAA entry African American Freedmen Schools]. 

In 1886, there were five colored schools in Monroe County, KY [see NKAA entry African American Schools, 1886]. By 1895, there were 9 colored schools [source: Biennial Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of Kentucky, pp.591-594]. Four of the 9 school houses were made of logs, and 5 were frame structures, and during the 1896-97 school term another colored district was added, but classes were not held because there was not a school house or a teacher. During the 1895 school year, there were 80 students attending school regularly, and the following year there was an average of 133 students each school day. Each of the 9 schools had one teacher.

In 1919, there was a Colored Moonlight School in Monroe County [see NKAA entry African American Moonlight Schools]. In 1926, the teachers at the Gamaliel Colored School were Mrs. Elma and Mr. Roscoe W. Pipkin [source: Proceedings of the Kentucky Negro Educational Association, April 21-24, 1926, p.54], classes were still held in the Mt. Vernon Church [source: Curtis, p.100]. The African American children of Monroe County attended high school in Hickory Ridge [source: Curtis, p.100]. In 1940, the Negro school teachers in Monroe County were Kate Barkesdale, Vera Edwards, Roscoe W. Pipkin, Elma Pipkin, and Winfred Pipkin [source: U.S. Federal Census]. School integration started during the 1963-64 school term at the following schools: Fountain Run, Gamaliel Elementary and High School, and Tompkinsville High School [source: Kentucky School Directory, 1963-64, p.134].

  • Colored Schools (9)
  • Tompkinsville Freedmen School
  • Gamaliel School
  • Fountain Run School
  • Hickory Ridge School
  • Moonlight School
  • Roy's Chapel School [source: Kentucky Education Collection, Series 1, Box 22, File: Monroe County, Title: WPA 3, Monroe Co. - Education (Lenneth Jones-643-4), List of Schools, p.4, July 16, 1939]
  • Forkton School [source: Kentucky Education Collection, Series 1, Box 22...]
  • Tooley Ridge School [source: Kentucky Education Collection, Series 1, Box 22...]
  • Bethlehem School [source: Kentucky Education Collection, Series 1, Box 22...]

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Monroe County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Gamaliel, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Tompkinsville, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Fountain Run, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Hickory Ridge, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Forkton, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Tooley Ridge, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Bethleham, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Freetown, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Entry: Freetown, Kentucky
NKAA Entry: African American Schools, Freedmen Schools - Kentucky, 1866-1870
NKAA Entry: African American Schools - Kentucky, 1886
NKAA Entry: African American Schools - Moonlight Schools, Kentucky
NKAA Source: Black heritage sites: an African American Odyssey and finder's guide
NKAA Source: Biennial report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of Kentucky with accompanying documents for the two years beginning July 1 ... and ending June 30 ... (periodical)
NKAA Source: Proceedings of the Kentucky Negro Educational Association (periodical)
NKAA Source: The Kentucky school directory (serial)
NKAA Source: Kentucky Education Collection, Series 1 (archives)

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Cite This NKAA Entry:

“African American Schools in Monroe County, KY,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed October 19, 2017, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2927.

Last modified: 2017-09-27 16:57:38