From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

African American Schools, Freedmen Schools - Kentucky, 1866-1870

(start date:  -  end date: ) 

The establishment (and support) of schools by the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands from 1866-1870 was the first major, statewide effort to provide education for African Americans in Kentucky. There were more than 200 freedmen schools in Kentucky, including American Missionary Association Schools that were supported by the Bureau. The support was extended to schools that held classes in churches and rented buildings. In areas where the schools were not welcomed, the buildings were destroyed and/or the teachers were run out of town. In most of the cities where the schools were established, they were the first schools for African Americans. There were day schools, night schools, and Sabbath schools for both children and adults. Prior to the arrival of the Bureau, there were about 35 colored schools with 58 colored teachers in Kentucky. The students paid a subscription fee. For those schools supported by the Bureau, the majority of the school teachers were white women, some from northern states and associated with the American Missionary Association. The history of the overall effort, successes and failures, and the names of cities where schools were located, are all included in the [secondary source] Semi-annual Report on Schools for Freedmen: numbers 1-10, January 1866-July 1870, by J. W. Alvord. The title is available full-text online at Google Books. See also the entries for African American Schools in the NKAA Database. See also The Race to Educate: African American resistance to educational segregation in Kentucky, 1865-1910 (dissertation) by T. L. Bradley.

 

Freedmen Schools in Kentucky @ FamilySearch.org

 

The list of Freedmen Schools in Kentucky, April 1866-July 1870, is available online at FamilySearch.org. The spread sheets has the names of the city/town where the school was located, when the school opened, who sponsored the school, races and names of teachers, number of students, and information about the buildings. There are over 250 images of records [the primary sources] pertaining to Kentucky. For access to the records for other states click here." Be sure to take a look at the link for "Education Division." [source: "United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of the Superintendent of Education and of the Division of Education, 1865-1872." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing multiple NARA microfilm publications. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1969-1978.]

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Race to educate: African American resistance to educational segregation in Kentucky, 1865-1910 (dissertation)

Related Entries Citing this Entry

NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Warren County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Woodford County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Madison County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Paris and Bourbon County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Harrison County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Paducah and McCracken County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Fulton County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Louisville and Jefferson County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Lexington and Fayette County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Breckinridge County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Mason County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools - Kentucky, 1866
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Lincoln County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Garrard County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Frankfort and Franklin County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Christian County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Mt. Sterling and Montgomery County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Clark County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Hickman County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Boyd County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Boyle County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Bullitt County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Gallatin County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Graves County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Kenton County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Jessamine County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Henderson County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Pendleton County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Nicholas County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Bracken County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Caldwell County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Cumberland County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Daviess County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Hart County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Marion County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Meade County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Nelson County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Oldham County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Monroe County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Scott County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Pulaski County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Shelby County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Simpson County, KY
NKAA Entry:  African American Schools in Todd County, KY

Social Bookmarking

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“African American Schools, Freedmen Schools - Kentucky, 1866-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed August 24, 2017, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2699.

Last modified: 2017-07-19 13:51:54