From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Morgan County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

Morgan County was created from Bath and Floyd Counties in 1822, and was named for Daniel Morgan, an American Revolutionary War veteran and a U.S. Representative for Virginia. Morgan County is located in east-central Kentucky, and West Liberty is the county seat. The 1830 county population was 474 [heads of households], according to the U.S. Federal Census, and the population increased to 9,068 by 1860, excluding the slaves. Below are the number of slave owners, slaves, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule

  • 59 slave owners
  • 187 Black slaves
  • 0 Mulatto slaves
  • 26 free Blacks [last names Collins, Jackson, and Masters]
  • 18 free Mulattoes [most with last name Perkins, 1 Jones, 1 Letrel, and 1 with no last name]

1860 Slave Schedule

  • 53 slave owners
  • 115 Black slaves
  • 55 Mulatto slaves
  • 58 free Blacks [last names Gibson, Gipson, Nickell, Phillips, and Reffet]
  • 23 free Mulattoes [last names Collins and Perkins]

1870 U.S. Federal Census

  • 21 Blacks
  • 20 Mulattoes
  • About 33 U.S. Colored Troops listed Morgan County, KY, as their birth location.

For more see Morgan County in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; and Morgan County, Kentucky, Historical, Industrial, Past, Present, Future by Licking Valley Courier.

The following information was provided by Morgan County, KY, historian Ron Gevedon.

  • 1840  Free Colored: 3  -  Slaves: 61   [Historical Sketches of Kentucky, 1848, p.152]
  • 1844 Slaves over 16: 56  /  1845 Slaves over 16: 49  [Kentucky Public Documents, 1845, pp.164-165]
  • 1845 106 slaves total in Morgan County with value of $36,550  /  1846 127 slaves with value $41,550  /  1845 Slaves over 16: 49  /  1846 slaves over 16: 62  [Kentucky Public Documents, 1846, pp.208-209]
  • 1847 Total no. slaves: 139 with value of $48,425  /  1846 Total no, slaves: 127 with value $41,550  /  1847 slaves over 16: 60  /  1846 slaves over 16: 69  [Kentucky Public Documents, 1847, pp.208-209]
  • Mr. Harris presented a petition of Thomas B. Keeton, of Morgan County, praying for passage of law permitting him to import a slave into this state  [Journal for the Senate of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, 1844, p.90. 15 Jan. 1845]
  • 1848 157 slaves with value of $56,115  /  1847 139 slaves with value of $48,425  /  1848 slaves over 16: 74  /  1847 slaves over 16: 66  /  [Kentucky Public Documents, 1848, pp.210-211]
  • 1849 154 slaves with value $64,250  /  1849 Slaves over 16: 76  {Kentucky Public Documents, 1849, pp.218-219]
  • 1851 151 slaves with value $56,800  /  1850 175 slaves with value $ 64,250  /  1851 slaves over 16: 72  /  1850 slaves over 16: 83  [Kentucky Public Documents, 1851, pp.267-268]
  • 1853 183 slaves with value $79,500  /  1852 184 slaves with value $72,130  /  1853 slaves over 16: 85  /  1852 slaves over 16: 84  /  Total Births & Deaths as of 31 Dec. 1852: Births: 5 (2 male, 3 female)  /  Deaths: isn’t listed  /  Total colored population as of 1850 census: 225  [Kentucky Public Documents, 1853, pp.168-169]
  • 1856 Population: 225  /  Births: 8 (5 male3 female)  /  Deaths: 6 (4 male, 2 female)  [Report to General Assembly, vol.s 4-6.1 856, p.7]
  • 1857 206 slaves with value $120,647  /  1856 187 slaves with value $110,899  /  1857 slaves over 16: 94  /  1856 slaves over 16: 93  /  Births: 8 (7 male1 female)  /  Deaths: 26 (7 male, 19 female)  /  Average age at death: 18.9 years  [Kentucky Public Documents, 1857, V, pp.176-177, p.12]
  • 1859 198 slaves with value $118,825  /  1858 204 with value $116,550  /  1859 slaves over 16: 90  /  1858 slaves over 16: 91   [Kentucky Public Documents, 1860]
  • 1863 115 slaves with value $48,150  /  1862 112 slaves with value $65,250  / 1863 slaves over 16: 57  / 1862 slaves over 16: 48  [Kentucky Public Documents, 1864, pp.182-183, Doc.No.10]
  • 1867 Negroes over 18: 0  /  1867 children between 6 & 20: 0  /  1866 Negroes over 18: 6  /  1866 children between 6 & 20: 17  [Kentucky Public Documents, vol.1, 1867, pp.214-215]

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Morgan County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about West Liberty, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: Morgan County, Kentucky, historical, industrial, past, present, future a historical review of Morgan County, 1823 to 1923

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Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Morgan County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed January 23, 2018, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2484.

Last modified: 2018-01-12 19:24:12