From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Mason County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

(start date:  -  end date: ) 

Mason County, located in northern Kentucky, was formed in 1788 and was one of the first eight counties established by the Virginia Legislature. It borders four Kentucky counties, and is bound on the north by the Ohio River. Mason County was named for George Mason, who was from Virginia and drafted an early version of the Bill of Rights. Maysville, named for Virginia surveyor John May, is the county seat, and was previously known as Limestone. In the First Census of Kentucky, 1790, there were 2,500 whites and 229 slaves. The 1800 county population was 12,182, according to the Second Census of Kentucky: 10,347 whites, 1,747 slaves, and 88 free coloreds. In 1830 there were nine free African American slave owners in Mason County and three in Washington. By 1860, the population was 14,451, according to the U.S. Federal Census, and excluding the slaves. Below are the numbers for the slave owners, slaves, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule

  • 967 slave owners
  • 3,454 Black slaves
  • 837 Mulatto slaves
  • 227 free Blacks
  • 155 free Mulattoes

1860 Slave Schedule

  • 779 slave owners
  • 2,903 Black slaves
  • 862 Mulatto slaves
  • 227 free Blacks
  • 158 free Mulattoes

1870 U.S. Federal Census

  • 2,830 Blacks
  • 743 Mulattoes
  • About 316 U.S. Colored Troops listed Mason County, KY, as their birth location.

For more see the Mason County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; A Historical Sketch of Mason County, Kentucky by L.C. Lee; Free Negroes: inhabitants of Randolph Co., N.C., 1850-1860 by E. R. H. Grady; Marriage Bond Books, 1852-1979 by Mason County (KY) County Clerk; and Slavery in Mason County, Kentucky by C. R. Miller.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Entry: African American Slave Owners in Kentucky
NKAA Source: "First census" of Kentucky, 1790 : (reconstructed from tax lists)
NKAA Source: "Second census" of Kentucky, 1800; a privately compiled and published enumeration of tax payers appearing in the 79 manuscript volumes extant of tax lists of the 42 counties of Kentucky in existence in 1800
NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: A Historical sketch of Mason County, Kentucky
NKAA Source: Free Negroes : inhabitants of Randolph Co., N.C., 1850-1860
NKAA Source: Marriage bond books, 1852-1979 [Mason County]
NKAA Source: Slavery in Mason County, Kentucky : a century of records, 1788-1888

Related Entries Citing this Entry

NKAA Entry:  African American Slave Owners in Kentucky

Social Bookmarking

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Mason County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed August 19, 2017, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2462.

Last modified: 2017-07-19 13:51:50