From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Kenton County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

Kenton County, located in northern Kentucky along the Ohio River, was formed in 1840 from a portion of Campbell County. Kenton County is surrounded by three counties, it was named for frontiersman Simon Kenton, who was a friend of Daniel Boone and a veteran of the Indian Wars and the War of 1812. There are two county seats in Kenton County, Independence and Covington. Independence was incorporated in 1842 and the name is in reference to Kenton County being separated from Campbell County. Covington, originally known as Point, was established in 1815 and named for Leonard Wales Covington, who was killed during the War of 1812. Covington was the second largest city in Kentucky in 1850, and had served as the unofficial county seat until Independence was established in 1842. As Covington continued to grow, it became the center for county business and court matters, and in 1860, the Kentucky Legislature made Covington the second county seat. The 1840 county population was 1,303 [heads of households], according to the U.S. Federal Census, and it grew to 24,861 by 1860, excluding the slaves. Below are the numbers for the slaves, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule
  • 298 slave owners
  • 721 Black slaves
  • 109 Mulatto slaves
  • 61 free Blacks
  • 14 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 212 slave owners
  • 451 Black slaves
  • 116 Mulatto slaves
  • 58 free Blacks
  • 27 free Mulattoes
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 1,224 Blacks
  • 358 Mulattoes
  • About 27 U.S. Colored Soldiers listed Kenton County, KY, as their birth location.
For more see the Kenton County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; African-American Residents of Kenton County, Kentucky transcribed by T. H. H. Harris; History of Kenton County, Kentucky, in the World War, 1917-1919 by S. D. Rouse; The Evolution of Covington's Black Residential Pattern, 1860-1980 by E. T. Weiss; and A Comparative Study of the Educational Effectiveness of the White and Negro Schools of Covington, Kentucky by W. F. Hargraves.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Kenton County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

Kentucky Place (Town or City)

Read about Covington, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Independence, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Point, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: African-American residents of Kenton County, Kentucky : the 1900 Kenton County Census
NKAA Source: History of Kenton County, Kentucky, in the World War, 1917-1919
NKAA Source: The Evolution of Covington's Black residential pattern, 1860-1980
NKAA Source: A Comparative study of the educational effectiveness of the white and Negro schools of Covington, Kentucky (thesis)

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Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Kenton County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed December 15, 2018, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2385.

Last modified: 2018-01-26 01:01:42