From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Kentucky Slaves and Free Persons Not White, 1790

In 1790, there were 11,830 slaves and 114 free blacks in the area known as Kentucky, according to the title Black Genesis: A Resource Book for African-American Genealogy, p116. Another source is the "First Census" of Kentucky 1790, compiled by C. B. Heinemann, published in Washington in 1940. The following quote comes from page 1. "It is a privately compiled list of tax payers appearing in the tax lists of all Kentucky counties which were established at the time of the First Federal Census." In Heinemann's work, the number of slaves are slightly higher: 12,430 slaves and 114 free persons who were not white. The following information comes from p.3.
  • Bourbon County:     6,929 whites,   908 slaves,
  • Fayette County:    14,626 whites, 3,752 slaves, 32 free persons
  • Jefferson County:    3,857 whites,    903 slaves,   5 free persons
  • Lincoln County:       5,446 whites, 1,094 slaves,   8 free persons
  • Madison County:     5,035 whites,    737 slaves
  • Mason County:        2,500 whites,    229 slaves
  • Mercer County:        5,745 whites, 1,339 slaves,   7 free persons
  • Nelson County:      10,032 whites, 1,248 slaves, 35 free persons
  • Woodford County:    6,963 whites, 2,220 slaves, 27 free persons

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Bourbon County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Fayette County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Jefferson County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Lincoln County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Madison County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Mercer County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Nelson County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.
Read about Woodford County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: Black genesis : a resource book for African-American genealogy
NKAA Source: "First census" of Kentucky, 1790 : (reconstructed from tax lists)

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Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Kentucky Slaves and Free Persons Not White, 1790,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed December 12, 2018, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2384.

Last modified: 2018-01-26 01:05:19