From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Clay County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

(start date:  -  end date: ) Clay County is located in southeastern Kentucky in the Cumberland Mountains and is surrounded by seven counties. During the 1800s, Clay County was the major salt producer for the state of Kentucky. The county was formed in 1807 from portions of Madison, Floyd, and Knox Counties, and is named for Green Clay from Virginia, he was a veteran of the War of 1812 and the American Revolutionary War. Green Clay was a surveyor in Kentucky, and later became a Kentucky Representative in the Virginia House of Delegates. He was also a member of the Kentucky Legislature. The town of Greenville was also named for Green Clay, but the name was later changed to Manchester, which is the county seat. The name change was in honor of Manchester, England. The 1810 Clay County population was 428 [heads of households], according to the U.S. Federal Census, and increased to 6,303 by 1860, excluding the slaves. Below are the number of slave owners, slaves, free Blacks, and free Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule
  • 51 slave owners
  • 349 Black slaves
  • 82 Mulatto slaves
  • 58 free Blacks
  • 118 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 85 slave owners
  • 215 Black slaves
  • 139 Mulatto slaves
  • 49 free Blacks
  • 209 free Mulattoes
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 366 Blacks
  • 176 Mulattoes
  • About 25 U.S. Colored Troops listed Clay County, KY, as their birth location.
For more see the Clay County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; History of Clay County, Kentucky, 1767-1976 by K. Morgan and H. S. Morgan; Clay County, Kentucky: history and families by the Clay County Genealogical and Historical Society; and Appalachians and Race by J. C. Inscoe.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Clay County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: History of Clay County, Kentucky, 1767-1976
NKAA Source: Clay County, Kentucky, history and families
NKAA Source: Appalachians and race: the mountain South from slavery to segregation

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Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Clay County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed September 24, 2017, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2313.

Last modified: 2017-08-09 14:06:50