From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Calloway County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

(start date:  -  end date: ) Calloway County is located in south-western Kentucky, surrounded by two counties, the Kentucky Lake, and the Tennessee state border. It was formed from a portion of Hickman County in 1822, and named for explorer Richard Calloway. The county seat was first named Williston, then Pooltown, then Pleasant Springs, and finally named Murray in 1844 after John L. Murray, a Kentucky Legislator and a U.S. Congressman. The county population was 822 [heads of households] according to the 1830 U.S. Federal Census, and increased to 8,424 in 1860, excluding the slaves. Below are the numbers for the slave owners, slaves, and free Blacks and Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule
  • 255 slave owners
  • 866 Black slaves
  • 126 Mulatto slaves
  • 2 free Blacks [teenagers Henry and Dan Cooper]
  • 14 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 336 slave owners
  • 1,135 Black slaves
  • 348 Mulatto slaves
  • 2 free Blacks [last names Harper and Mays]
  • 13 free Mulattoes
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 775 Blacks
  • 81 Mulattoes
  • About 29 U.S. Colored Troops listed Calloway County, KY, as their birth location.
For more see the Calloway County entry in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; A Distant Light by B. Cunningham; History of Calloway County, Kentucky 1931 by E. A. Johnston; and The Story of Calloway County, 1822-1976 by D. Jennings and K. Jennings.

Kentucky County & Region

Read about Calloway County, Kentucky in Wikipedia.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: A Distant light : Kentucky's journey toward racial justice
NKAA Source: History of Calloway County, Kentucky 1931; together with sketches of its prominent citizens, past and present
NKAA Source: The Story of Calloway County, 1822-1976

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Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Calloway County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed November 24, 2017, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2297.

Last modified: 2017-09-13 19:14:36