From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Breckinridge County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

(start date:  -  end date: ) Breckinridge County was formed in 1799 from part of Hardin County, KY, and is bordered by five counties and the Kentucky River. Breckinridge County is located in the mid-western part of the state, and was named for John Breckinridge, a U.S. Attorney General and a Senator, an Attorney General and House Member in Kentucky, and a veteran of the American Revolutionary War. John Breckinridge died in 1806, shortly after Breckinridge County was formed. The county seat is Hardinsburg. The total population in 1800 was 807, according to the Second Census of Kentucky: 765 whites, 41 slaves, and 1 free colored. By 1860 the population was 10,896, according to the U.S. Federal Census, and excluding the slaves. Below are the figures for the slave owners, slaves, and free Blacks and Mulattoes from 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule
  • 408 slave owners
  • 1,569 Black slaves
  • 380 Mulatto slaves
  • 6 free Blacks
  • 2 Colored [Thomas Alexander and Hardin Alexander]
  • 4 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 476 slave owners
  • 1,837 Black slaves
  • 499 Mulatto slaves
  • 13 free Blacks
  • 4 free Mulattoes [3 last name Piles, 1 last name Tanner]
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 1,143 Blacks
  • 413 Mulattoes
  • About 5 U.S. Colored Troops listed Breckinridge County, KY, as their birth location.
For more see Breckinridge County in Collin's Historical Sketches of Kentucky, v.2 by L. Collins and R. H. Collins; History and Legend of Breckinridge County, Kentucky by B. Thompson; and Breckinridge County, Kentucky Pictorial History by Breckinridge County Bicentennial Committee.

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: "Second census" of Kentucky, 1800; a privately compiled and published enumeration of tax payers appearing in the 79 manuscript volumes extant of tax lists of the 42 counties of Kentucky in existence in 1800
NKAA Source: Collins historical sketches of Kentucky : history of Kentucky
NKAA Source: History and legend of Breckinridge County, Kentucky
NKAA Source: Breckinridge County, Kentucky pictorial history

Social Bookmarking

Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Breckinridge County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed September 24, 2017, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2290.

Last modified: 2017-07-19 13:51:47