From NKAA, Notable Kentucky African Americans Database (main entry)

Breathitt County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870

(start date:  -  end date: ) Breathitt County, located in eastern Kentucky in the Cumberland Plateau, is surrounded by eight counties and was formed from Clay, Perry, and Estill Counties. Breathitt County was formed in 1839, and was named for Kentucky Governor John Breathitt. Jackson is the county seat. The population was 359 in the 1840 U.S. Federal Census [heads of households], and grew to 5,673 by 1870, excluding the slaves. Below are the number of slave owners, slaves, and free Blacks and Mulattoes from 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule
  • 46 slave owners
  • 118 Black slaves
  • 51 Mulatto slaves
  • 3 free Blacks
  • 8 free Mulattoes
1860 Slave Schedule
  • 46 slave owners
  • 115 Black slaves
  • 75 Mulatto slaves
  • 7 free Blacks
  • 19 free Mulattoes [last names Freeman and Smith]
1870 U.S. Federal Census
  • 75 Blacks
  • 103 Mulattoes
  • At least 2 U.S. Colored Troops listed Breathitt County, KY, as their birth location [Henson Calamees and Robert Chanler].
For more see the entry for Breathitt County in The Kentucky Encyclopedia edited by J. E. Kleber; Breathitt County, Kentucky by J. E. Munson [thesis]; and History of Breathitt County, Kentucky by D. Wullschleger [thesis].

References

Cited in this Entry

NKAA Source: The Kentucky encyclopedia
NKAA Source: Breathitt County, Kentucky (thesis)
NKAA Source: History of Breathitt County, Kentucky (thesis)

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Cite This NKAA Entry:

“Breathitt County (KY) Slaves, Free Blacks, and Free Mulattoes, 1850-1870,” Notable Kentucky African Americans Database, accessed November 18, 2017, http://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/2289.

Last modified: 2017-07-19 13:51:47