In 1971, Carol Hickman was the first woman to take the examination to join the Jefferson County Police Department. She was one of two women to pass the test and join the officer training class. She would become the first woman and the first African American to head a county police district. She was over A District in eastern Jefferson County. Hickman was named captain in 1984. She served on the police force for 30 years; she had started with the department as a clerk typist when she was 19 years old. Carol Hickman retired in 1998. For more see "Black History Month: Carol Hickman, Police Captain," Louisville Courier-Journal, 02/06/2008, News section, p.1B. For earlier history see NKAA entry African American Police Women (Louisville, KY).